Characterised by its emphasis on head-height kicks, jumping and spinning kicks, and fast kicking techniques.
Taekwondo was developed during the 1940s and 1950s by Korean martial artists with experience in martial arts such as karate, Chinese martial arts, and indigenous Korean martial arts traditions such as Taekkyeon, Subak, and Gwonbeop.
The Taekwondo program encompasses a well-rounded training curriculum for the serious martial artist. The style includes a comprehensive Korean based self defense curriculum, advanced methods of kick and strike training, and board breaking, the origin of which all dates back to thousands of years ago. In parallel to the base curriculum students are taught Olympic style Taekwondo sparring, in which they have the opportunity to compete with other Taekwondo athletes all the way up to the Olympics. In this program, you will have the ability to earn a registered black belt as you advance through the curriculum.
Forms – Moving meditation, choreographed fighting movement sequence. These serve the same function as kata in the study of karate.
Sparring – World Taekwondo sparring is an Olympic Event in the summer games. Sparring is a competitive sport in which participants attempt kicking and punching techniques at each other and earn points scored by judges.
Self-defence techniques – Learning the fundamental techniques of taekwondo; these generally include kicks, blocks, punches, and strikes, with somewhat less emphasis on grappling and holds.
Breaking – the breaking of wooden boards is used for testing, training, and martial arts demonstrations. These techniques can be separated into three types:
Power breaking – using straightforward techniques to break as many boards as possible
Speed breaking – boards are held loosely by one edge, putting special focus on the speed required to perform the break
Special techniques – breaking fewer boards but using jumping or flying techniques to attain greater height, distance, or to clear obstacles
Throwing and/or falling techniques.
Both anaerobic and aerobic workout, including stretching.
Relaxation and meditation exercises, as well as breathing control.
A focus on mental and ethical discipline, etiquette, justice and self-confidence.
Enhanced self-esteem by heightening your physical and mental powers.
Increased confidence by encouraging you to succeed and to take control of your life.
Self-discipline by thoroughly training your body and mind in the tenets and techniques of Taekwondo.
Learn self-defense by training to recognize situations in which physical self-defense may be necessary, and learning how to control such situations to your advantage.
Strengthen mind and body through increased physical coordination and mental discipline.
The 5 tenets of Taekwondo – Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self Control, Indomitable Spirit – are inclusive and respectful. Everyone can benefit from Taekwondo, so take the examples below as general guidelines, not rules.
A child or teenager with drive and determination that enjoys a physical challenge and improving oneself.
An adult looking for a routine activity that promotes goal achievement, motivation to get fit and learn new skills.
A child or teenager that works well in a team, looking for a challenge, and enjoys friendly and fun competition.
Adults that want to experience positive challenges, attain new skills, and contribute to the community by helping others improve and attain goals.
** The Ninja Training program is focused on teaching essential fundamental movement skills in a fun and recreational setting. The Ninja Training Program is the perfect Martial Arts preparation program. Participants learn Acrobatics, Martial Arts Kicks, Parkour, Breakdancing through a curriculum that also teaches classroom etiquette, confidence building, learning through progression, physical conditioning, and stretching.
Compared to other sports, Taekwondo is very accessible. The chart below shows all the equipment you need to become a Taekwondo practitioner.
Taekwondo uniform with a white belt - $40
Intermediate – Yellow Belt
Sparring gear – $185 to $300
Chest Pad - $60
Helmet – $45
Shin + Forearm Pads – $45
Mouthguard – $5
Groin Protector – $30
This is where everyone begins. The color white symbolizes the student’s innocence and ignorance of taekwondo. (A student with a white belt is classified as 10th Gup.)
The first full color, this belt means that the student is beginning to learn and create a foundation in taekwondo. The color yellow represents the ground or earth in which the seed of knowledge has been planted and will grow.
This belt is a milestone. Most people never make it past this point. The student’s taekwondo knowledge and experience is growing at a good pace now. The color green represents the plant as it sprouts and begins to grow.
At this point, the student should have a good foundation in taekwondo and is prepared to begin learning more advanced techniques and theories. The color represents the sky toward which the plant reaches as it matures into a tree.
The red belt is a student who knows quite a bit about taekwondo, enough to be dangerous. Now, the student must learn control, a crucial skill. The color red signifies danger, warning others to stay away and reminding the student to practice control.
This is the end of the introductory stages. On average, this rank takes 3-5 years to reach. Traditionally, only after achieving the rank of black belt, is the pupil considered to be true student of taekwondo. It is without a doubt a great mark of progress, but is far from the end. Truly, it is only the beginning. The definition of the color black is simply the opposite of the color white.
Novice Black Belt (1st-3rd degree) – This first three ranks of black belt are designated as Novice. The student should concentrate on perfecting (or at least thoroughly understanding) the basics that they have learned while also learning a good bit of new material. The student is also considered an Assistant Instructor during these ranks, addressed as Bo-Sabum.
Expert Black Belt (4th-6th degree) – On average, the student has been an actively training and advancing black belt for 9-10 years before they may test for 4th degree. It is a very serious achievement, the student having been training as a black belt about twice as long as they were a colored belt. During this stage, the student should have enough understanding of taekwondo to begin pursuing theory more deeply. Many students begin to specialize as well. The student is considered an Instructor and is addressed as Sabum.
Master Black Belt (7th-8th degree) – Students who achieve this rank have probably been an active black belt for close to 30 years. They are very knowledgeable. There are no more formal examinations to gain rank after this point. The student is expected to pursue further knowledge about taekwondo with little or no oversight. Most masters only teach other black belts, leaving the colored belts to the lower ranks. The student is now called Sa-Hyong, or Master Instructor.
Grandmaster (9th degree) – The ultimate rank in traditional taekwondo, there are very few who have made it this far and they are considered to be the greatest experts on the art of taekwondo. The student is now called Grandmaster or Sa-Song.
Taekwondo teaches respect and self-control so the practitioners are better able to deal with issues they face on a day to day basis, like peer pressure, bullies, and making good choices. Many students at Flow Taekwondo are honour roll students, competitive athletes, and community role models.
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